Unfinished Church: Sagrada Familia Basilica
Sagrada Familia Basilica (Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia), which is a unique design of Catalan architect Antony Gaudi is one of the most visited places in Barcelona and Spain by tourists. It is visited by four million tourists every year. It has a magical appearance be adorned with fabular componenets as well as it is a relgious structure. It is one of the important symbols of the Catalan culture.
The Characteristics and History of the Sagrada Familia Basilica
The construction phase of Sagrada Familia is quite extraordinary. The basilica, which was began to be built in 19. century has been still continuing at the present time. Therefore, it was also called as unfinished church. The construction time is planned to continue until 2026 or 2030. The Architect Gaudi spent 43 years of his life with this project. In the basilica, neo-gothic and modernist-style are at the forefront.
The first design of the basilica was began in 1882. Gaudi headed the project because Architect Francesc del Villar had left from the project. Gauidi had it down to a fine art with his own specific style. But, despite his all efforts, Gaudi could carry out only one tower of the building and the entry consisting of abscissa walls. The construction time has been prolonged the disruptions and monetary problems arising during the construction phase. The church, which was interrupted due to wars from time to time, was opened for worship by is being blessed by the Pope in 2010. There are also those who foresee that the basilica will completely finish in 2026. This date is the 100th anniversary of Gaudi’s death. The tomb of Gaudi is also found in this cathedral.
There are a total of 18 towers in Sagrada Familia for the time being, some of which are completed and some will be completed in time. One of this towers represents Jesus, one represents Mary, four represent biblical writers and twelve represent apostles.
One of the most interesting aspects of the tower is that elements of natural life was embroidered on the walls of the basilica. Plant and animal motifs decorate the walls of basilica and add a different atmosphere to the basilica. The tallest tower of the building is 172 meters high. The cathedral was designed to accommodate ten thousand visitors.
The most important feature of Sagrada Familia is; that the columns and walls are not as flat as in the typical understanding and include a visual, movement, motion. These visual details in the structures can be watched for hours and new details can be noticed.
The first built facade of the building; on the east side is “Rise” facade. Later, the “Passion” facade was built on the western facade. The “Passion” facade, completed in 1987 represents Jesus’ crucifixion. The southern facade, called the “Glory” facade, is under construction.